Photo credits: Camilo Farah

It is broadly known that the warm and cold phases of ENSO (namely, El Niño and La Niña) cause serious social and economic impacts to countries around the world. Knowledge about ENSO and its impacts help to strengthen prediction tools used in support of early warning systems. Therefore, improving our understanding of ENSO is fundamental in reducing societal vulnerabilities.

The high social and economic relevance of ENSO research and prediction must be visible in the international arena and the past experiences of extraordinary ENSO  events such as the El Niño 1982-1983 and 1997-1998 remind us of our vulnerability as a society.  This vulnerability to extreme natural climate hazards is moreover likely to increase in the face of global warming.

The past 30 years has seen significant progress in our ability to observe, understand and predict ENSO. Yet, in the past decade, ENSO prediction skill has declined with significant consequences on how to prepare for and cope with the associated climatic impacts. This decline in prediction skill has occurred despite new theoretical approaches, significant advances on physical parameterizations of subgrid-scale processes, and better and more robust computer power. In addition, there are major unsolved questions about the influence of climate change on ENSO both in the current climate and in the future.

It is also needed to bridge the gaps between the global and the regional science and to improve operational ENSO prediction.  These imperatives demand a strong and coordinated scientific effort that requires sustaining vital observing systems such as the TAO-TRITON array, advancing ENSO science, including more regional processes in climate models, and developing improved assimilation systems for new ocean and climate data on region scales.

This background highlights the need to address ENSO scientific challenges in the context of international climate research, assessments, and operational prediction efforts.  As a catalyzing activity in this process, CIIFEN proposes a III  International Conference on ENSO, dedicated to “Bridging the gaps between Global ENSO Science and regional processes, extremes and impacts” to be held in Guayaquil, Ecuador from 12-14 November 2014.  This conference is a follow-on to the Second International “Workshop on ENSO, Decadal Variability and Climate Change in South America: Trends, teleconnections and potential impacts” held in October 2010 and the First International ENSO Conference: “The El Niño phenomenon and its global impact” in May 2005, both held in Guayaquil, Ecuador.

The III  International Conference on ENSO in November 2014 will aim to synthesize progress on ENSO research, with a detailed view of the climate-society relationship, and to share experiences in vulnerability assessment methodologies used by the climate impact studies community. This conference will bring together scientists and experts involved in research, observations and operational climate services to build on new knowledge for improving the prediction of ENSO and its regional impacts, and to discuss decision support approaches in preparation of and response to ENSO climate anomalies. Our intent is to provide a forum for efficiently linking science with societal needs, one of the envisaged World Climate Research Program (WCRP) “Grand Challenges.”


To review progress on the science of ENSO and related regional processes in order to improve the prediction of regional impacts; and to contribute to development of decision support frameworks that allow timely and appropriate planning and response at national and local levels.

  • To synthesize the progress in ENSO  research: physical processes and feedbacks, theoretical approaches, improved representation of ENSO in complex climate models, decadal to centennial variations in the ENSO cycle, the role of the extratropics in ENSO development, ENSO interaction with regional processes, and related topics.
  • To review the global and regional challenges of ENSO prediction and climate information services.
  • To review the history of recurrent hazards related to ENSO extremes and the need to enhance research efforts in this field.
  • To update our understanding of global ENSO teleconnection patterns and related impacts.
  • To update progress on new global and regional efforts for ENSO prediction, observations and early warning systems.
The  III  International Conference on ENSO will be organized in 6 plenary sessions, related poster sessions and an International Exhibition. The specialized session will emphasize the following topics:

I. ENSO dynamics
II.ENSO and other modes of climate variability (intraseasonal, decadal, centennial)
III. ENSO modeling and prediction
IV. ENSO and Regional processes
V. ENSO impacts
VI. ENSO global, regional and national information services

Poster sessions will be organized corresponding to each plenary session.




The CLIMATE SERVICES stage is a special venue where selected ENSO Conference  participants are allowed (10-15) minutes to present a climate services related   topic, project or initiative. Its aim is to widen the array of topics that are discussed at the Conference beyond those that are presented in the main specialized sessions.

The CLIMATE SERVICES stage will be presented all the days of the Conference between 12h30-14h00 in a special location in the exhibition room. All the presentations will be recorded and posted in a special site for wider dissemination. The topics for each day are:

Day 1 (12h30-14h00):  Climate services for agriculture, food security, health and water.
Day2 (12h30-14h00):  Climate services for risk management and adaptation
Day 3 (12h30-14h00):  Climate services for decision makers and authorities

Additionally, the INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION “CLIMATE & SOCIETY” will be organized to allow different Weather & Climate centers, science and technology institutions, the private sector, environmental NGOs and agencies to promote their activities, products and services.

The main program will be organized as following:

The Conference will be held in the Auditorium of the Centro Cultural “Libertador Simón Bolívar” ex-MACC- Malecón  2000 in Guayaquil, Ecuador
Photo credits: Camilo Farah


International Research Centre for El Niño phenomenon   - CIIFEN


Michael  McPhaden

National Ocean and Atmosphere Administration – NOAA, USA

Aldo Montecinos

Universidad de Concepción –UDEC. Chile

Eric Guilyardi

(IPSL /LOCEAN, France)

José Marengo

(Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciaes – INPE, Brasil)

Mat Collins

University of Exeter, United Kingdom

Rupa Kumar Kolli

World Meteorological Organization - WMO

Ashok Karumuri

Centre for Climate Change Research; Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology

María del Pilar Cornejo

Escuela Politécnica del Litoral, Ecuador

Wenju Cai

Marine and Atmospheric Research, CSIRO -Australia

José Daniel Pabón

Centro Internacional para la Investigación sobre el Fenómeno de El Niño –CIIFEN



It is expected to have participation of at least 300 scientists from around the world who are working on climate variability and climate change associated to ENSO issue and on assessment of climate socioeconomic impacts, as well as participants from Environmental Community, Risk and Disasters Management sectors, and Decision Makers.




The participation in the Conference may be with oral or poster presentation or by simply attendance.  The following fees are established for participants



Before October 31st, 2014

After November 1st, 2014

USD 250

USD 300


With the payment, participant will obtain:


-       Printed material (program, Conference ID Card - badge; Certificate of  participation; tourist information)

-       e-Proceedings (a compilation of abstract in USB Memory Stick)

-       Coffee breaks

-       Participation  in social and cultural  events

-       Souvenir





In the Climate & Society Section of the International Exhibition  the NGOs, climate centers, climate related research groups or universities can expose the experiences of case studies where the relationship climate-society is pointed out (climate knowledge application, adaptation to climate variability and change, participative warning system, and so on). Exhibition area unit with 2,5 x 2 meters (5m2) will be available at a price of US$3750,oo (US$750,oo by m2) each. This include a table, two chairs, power outlet, registration (with special ID badges) for 2 individuals of the exhibitor agency with access to the coffee breaks and Conference social event.


In the commercial section different agencies could present products related to the climate monitoring, analyzing, and modeling, weather forecasting and climate prediction tools. For that, exhibition areas unit with 3x2 (6m2), a table, 2 chairs and power outlet will be available at US$4500,oo (US750,oo by m2). The payment for unit exhibition area will include registration (with special ID badges) for 2 individuals of the commercial exhibitors personal with access to the coffee breaks and social event of the Conference.


Exhibitors can separate and pay for multiple units to organize the exposition; In the exhibition area Wi-Fi will be available during the conference



The payment may be made using VISA,  Master Card  or  American Express  credit card. The online payment  option will be enabled soon in this Web page



31  July 2013


First announcement and call for abstracts

31 November 2013


Confirmation of main sponsors

31 January  2014


Second announcement and call for selected papers

30 April 2014

Deadline for abstracts submission

30 June 2014


Communication about Acceptance (for oral, poster presentation or Climate Services Stage)

31 August 2014

30 September 2014

Deadline for full manuscript submission

Deadline for exhibition  registration

Deadline for payment to be included in the Final Program

31 October 2014


Final Program Publication

12-14 November 2014


International Conference


In the Final Program will be included only the timely received contributions that have already paid for participation at 30 September 2014.




The registration for participation (oral or poster presentation or exhibitor) can be made directly by the CIIFEN Web page filling out the form provided for this purpose.THE ONLINE REGISTRATION WILL BE ENABLED SOON


Additional information may be obtained  sending e-mail to the coordination of the Conference to address   Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.





The abstracts must be sent to  Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo. Before 30th April  2014. There is also the option of sending the abstract at the moment of registration including it in the registration format in the corresponding field. FOR ONLINE SUBMISSIONS CLICK HERE




-       Submission will be done in electronic format in Microsoft Word

-       Maximum length : 1000 characters

-       Should not contain figures or tables.

-       Must include the names of the authors, institution(s), position, country and e-mails of the author(s).

-       Format: type letter Arial 11, simple spaced, horizontal and vertical margins: 3 cm

-       Additional Indication about you preference:   oral  or  poster presentation.

-       If you have more than one potential contribution, send each one in individual applications.





Surname and authors name 1; Surname and name 2

1Institution/Agency/Company, City, COUNTRY

e-mail address

2Institution/Agency/Company, City, COUNTRY

e-mail address


After two spaces, the abstract has to contain a maximum of 1000 characters, without any figure or table. The text must be complete justified and if it is possible, elaborated with MS-Word.


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